Africa Leaders Magazine

GAMAL ABDER NASSER – Creating a Paradigm Shift in world politics

GAMAL ABDER NASSER- An Egyptian politician who created a paradigm shift in world politics - African Leaders Magazine

An Egyptian Politician Who Created a Paradigm Shift in World Politics

Egypt’s political evolution from an aristocratic constitutional monarchy to a republic of officers is Gamar Abder Nasser’s most famous legacy today. This regime still reigns despite the reorganization of Egypt’s home and foreign policies, and shifts in the balance of power among the elements of its ruling association namely the army, the internal-security apparatus, the state bourgeoisie, and, since the 1970s, private sector crony capitalists.

GAMAL ABDER NASSER- An Egyptian politician who created a paradigm shift in world politics - African Leaders Magazine

Nasser belonged to the first cohort of lower-middle-class cadets who were admitted to the military academy in 1936. The Anglo-Egyptian Treaty of that year reduced the scope of the semicolonial military occupation that had been installed following Britain’s 1882 invasion of Egypt. Nonetheless, British interests prevailed on the most critical issues, as the incident of February 4, 1942 revealed.

After World War II, British forces continued to occupy the Suez Canal Zone. Thus, Nasser and his generation came of age politically in the struggle to achieve the “total evacuation” of British forces and Egypt’s “full independence.” Nasser believed that the army must take the initiative to expel the British, destroy the power of their local collaborators, and reform politics and society. To accomplish these goals, following Egypt’s humiliating defeat in the Arab-Israeli War of 1948, Nasser formed and led the Free Officers Movement.

Nasser began, build a large public sector by nationalizing the properties of all British, French, and Belgian nationals after the tripartite aggression. Then in 1960, Nasser nationalized Banque Misr and all its associated associates and adopted a five-year plan due to the local business refraining from investing in industry.

On June 9, Nasser resigned and retire from politics. In response, masses of Egyptians poured into the streets of Cairo demanding that Nasser remain as their president, although there is reason to believe that Nasser’s lieutenants orchestrated these demonstrations.

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